Challenging the Medicalization of Sex




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The New View Manifesto

A New View of Women's Sexual Problems

by The Working Group on A New View of Women's Sexual Problems. [ 1 ]

Conclusion, Footnotes, Translations

This document is designed for researchers desiring to investigate women's sexual problems, for educators teaching about women and sexuality, for medical and nonmedical clinicians planning to help women with their sexual lives, and for a public that needs a framework for understanding a rapidly changing and centrally important area of life.

For further information about the Campaign for "A New View of Women's Sexual Problems," to obtain additional copies of this document, or to make a financial contribution, please contact:

New View Campaign POB 1845 New York, NY 10159-1845 USA


Members of the Working Group *

  • Linda Alperstein, M.S.W., Assoc. Clin. Prof., Psychiatry, University of California at San Francisco; Psychotherapy Practice, San Francisco, CA Carol Ellison, Ph.D., Author; Psychotherapy Practice, Oakland, CA
  • Jennifer R. Fishman, B.A., Doctoral Candidate, Department of Social and Behavioral Science, UCSF, CA
  • Marny Hall, Ph.D., Author; Psychotherapy Practice, San Francisco, CA
  • Lisa Handwerker, Ph.D., M.P.H., Institute for the Study of Social Change, University of California at Berkeley, CA
  • Heather Hartley, Ph.D., Ass't Professor, Sociology, Portland State University, OR
  • Ellyn Kaschak, Ph.D., Professor, Psychology, San Jose State University, CA
  • Peggy J. Kleinplatz, Ph.D., School of Psychology, Univ. of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
  • Meika Loe, M.A., Doctoral Candidate, Women's Studies Emphasis, Sociology,University of California at Santa Barbara, CA
  • Laura Mamo, B. A., Doctoral Candidate, Department of Soc. and Behav. Sci., UCSF, CA
  • Carol Tavris, Ph.D., Social Psychologist; Independent Scholar, Los Angeles, CA
  • Leonore Tiefer, Ph.D., Assoc. Clin. Professor, Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, NY

* Affiliations as of 2000, when the manifesto was written.



[2] American Psychiatric Association (1980, 1987, 1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd, 3rd-revised, and 4th editions. Washington, DC: APA.

[3] Masters, W. H. & Johnson,V. E. (1966) Human Sexual Response. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co.; Masters, W.H. & Johnson, V. E. (1970) Human Sexual Inadeqacy. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co.

[4] e.g., Tiefer, L. (1991) Historical, scientific, clinical and feminist criticisms of "the Human Sexual Response Cycle" model. Annual Review of Sex Research, 2, 1-23; Basson, R. (2000) The female sexual response revisited. J. Society Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Canada, 22, 383-387.

[5] Frank, E., Anderson, C., & Rubinstein, D. (1978) Frequency of Sexual dysfunction in "Normal" couples. New England Journal of Medicine, 299, 111-115; Hite, S. (1976) The Hite Report: A nationwide study on female sexuality. NY: Macmillan; Ellison, C. (2000) Women's Sexualities: Generations of women share intimate secrets of sexual self-acceptance. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger.

[6] WHO Technical Report, series Nr. 572, 1975. Full text available on the Robert Koch Institute sexuality website

[7] Full text available on the website listed in footnote 6 and also on the World Association of Sexology website It is published in E.M.L.Ng, J.J. Borras-Valls, M. Perez-Conchillo and E.Coleman (Eds.) (2000) Sexuality in the New Millenium. Bologna, Editrice Compositori.

The Entire "New View" Manifesto Has Been Published in the Following:

Tiefer, L. (2001) A new view of women's sexual problems: Why new? Why now?.
Journal of Sex Research, 38, 89-96.

Tiefer, L., Tavris, C. & Hall, M. (2002) Beyond dysfunction: A new view of
women's sexual problems. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 28, 225-232.

Tiefer, L. (2002) Beyond the medical model of women's sexual problems: A
campaign to resist the promotion of 'female sexual dysfunction.' Sexual and
Relationship Therapy, 17,127-135.

Kaschak, E. & Tiefer, L. (Eds.)(2002) A New View of Women's Sexual
Problems. (Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press). [manifesto on pages 1-8.]

Tolman, D., Striepe, M. I. and O'Sullivan, L. (2003) Women's Sexuality:
Breaking down barriers. In The Complete Guide to Mental Health for Women,
edited by Lauren Slater, Amy Banks, and Jessica Henderson Daniel. (Beacon

Tiefer, L. (Winter, 2003) Taking Back Women's Sexuality. In the Family, V.8,
#3, P. 15, 16, 27.

Tiefer, L. (2004) New attempts to medicalize women's sexual problems. In
Bias in Psychiatric Diagnosis, edited by Paula Caplan and Lisa Cosgrove
(eds) (Jason Aronson)

Working Group (2003). Manifesto: A New View of Women's Sexual Problems. Psychological Foundations: The Journal, volume V, pages 63-67. [this is an Indian journal]

The Myth of Female Sexual Dysfunction
Top researchers say physiological approach won't improve sex for women.
Straight Goods (Canadian online independent news magazine June 28, 2005)

The Entire "New View" Manifesto Has Been Translated and Published in the Following:

Une Nouvelle vision des problemes sexuels feminins.
Sexologie Actuelle, 2001, 9 (3) 4-6.
(also forthfoming in 2003 in the bilingual European Journal of Medical

The Working Group on A New View of Women's Sexual Problems (2003). A New
View of Women's Sexual Problems. Tijdschrift voor Seksuologie, 27(2), 89-91.
(This is an entire section of the June, 2003, issue of the journal, with an
introduction by Ine VanWesenbeeck and 3 commentaries.)
[ Click for PDF ]

The Working Group on a New View of Women's Sexual Problems (2003). Eine
neue Sicht der Sexuellen Probleme von Frauen. Zeitschrift fur
Sexualforschung, 16, 160-166.

New View manifesto
(translated by Sofya Kravchuk in 2011)
[ Click for PDF ]

New View History
(Translated by Olga Babenko in 2013)
[ Click for PDF ]

O Manifesto pela Nova Visão. Uma nova visão dos problemas sexuais femininos
Sexuality, Salud y Sociedad - Revista Latinoamericana, 2013, no. 14: 242-252
[ Click for PDF ]

New View Manifesto
(translated by Giedrius Sadauskas, 2016)

New View manifesto
(translated by Anabella Frankovičová in 2016)

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